Tuesday, 10 September 2019

Willow Emerald twitch at East Park

When I posted the Hull Dragons August summary on the 6th of September, I noted that, regarding the Willow Emerald Damselfly "there is a possibility this rapidly expanding species may make it into Hull in the near future". But I was never expecting the near future to be as quick as 48 hours! @pondwatcher on Twitter:

How exciting was that!?
The Willow Emerald benefits from urbanisation, as it favours permanent garden and park ponds, surrounded by trees or bushes. Its is a late flying species, making the end of the dragonfly/damselfly season more exciting. It is the only Odonata species that oviposits into live wood, usually thin branches overhanging water, where eggs induce a diagnostic, gall-like reaction in the wood in a pattern of parallel lines.
 After a few sporadic records, the Willow Emerald became a regular breeding species in the UK in 2009, where many breeding colonies were discovered in Suffolk. Since then, it has steadily increased in range west and north, and this year it crossed the Humber for the first time.
 Today, there was a forecast of sunny spells and light WNW wind, and I decided to got on a damselfly twitch. I arrived at the park at 9:00 and walked to the eastern side of the lake, where the area around the boardwalk is favoured by dragonflies and damselflies. The first sunny spell took about an hour to arrive. When it did, Migrant Hawker males became active, with up to 5 males sharing the area, patrolling and resting over the large patch of marginal vegetation (above), a single female making a short appearance.
A female Common Darter (above) sat on the railings of the boardwalk, the first record of this species in the park this year. After walking up and down for a while searching for the Willow Emerald and with another large cloud looming, I moved onto the western side of the park to search for Small Red-eyed Damselflies. No luck, not a single damselfly on the west side of the main lake or boating lake.
 After a hot drink in the cafe I returned to the boardwalk. More searching of trees and marginal vegetation and walking up and down the boardwalk. The Migrant Hawkers were active so I watched them for a while. It was 12:20, the temperature quite pleasant in the sun, barely a breeze. Two male Common Darters were in attendance, chasing. After three hours in the park, I thought I had to content myself with a tandem pair of Common Darters, which were looking for an oviposition site. Maybe the Willow Emerald had succumbed to predation, of moved on. Another cloud was coming. I thought I'd stay for the next sunny spell. Then, a lovely, large sturdy green damselfly flitted about, checked the passing pair of hesitant darters in tandem, and sat on a leaf near the boardwalk: yes! the male Willow Emerald! It gave the impression of a sizeable insect, it is indeed as long or a bit longer than a common darter, and a stronger flyer than the common emerald. It sat on exposed leaves over the water, moving every now and then to another perch. It sat on alder leaves, on branched burr reed flower heads and leaves. I could take plenty of photos, as I watched it for about 20 min. A lovely damselfly tick!
This photo shows the 'spur' on the side of the thorax and the pale pterostigma with dark edges.
The pale appendages are also distinctive. No bluish pruinescence is apparent.

Willow Emerald males often sit on low branches of trees, overhanging water, which are the ovipositing sites chosen by females.

2 comments:

Guillermo García-Saúco said...

Hey!! Congratulations for the finding! Amazing.

Magic Nature said...

So beautiful. All of them.